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Periodontal Disease

Periodontal (gum) diseases, including gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious infections that, left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. Periodontitis and gum disease are a progressive condition and the leading cause of tooth loss amongst adults in the developed world.  Periodontal disease occurs when the toxins found in plaque begin to irritate or inflame the gingiva (gum tissue).  The resulting bacterial infection often known as gingivitis, can eventually lead to the destruction of the gum tissue and underlying bone.  If periodontal disease is not treated, it can also lead to loose
Common Signs &Symptoms

If you have any of these signs or symptoms, the advice of a general dentist or periodontist should be sought as soon as possible:

1) Bleeding gums :Gums should never bleed, even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss.
2) Loose teeth: Also caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers (fibers that support the tooth to the bone)
3 )New spacing between teeth caused by bone loose.
4) Persistent bad breath caused by bacteria in the mouth.
5) Pus around the teeth and gums which means sign that there is an infection present.
6) Receding gums: Loss of gum around a tooth.
7) Red and puffy gums: Gums should never be red or swollen.
8) Tenderness or Discomfort: Plague, calculus, and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth


Treatment of Periodontal Disease


1) Laser treatment: This can be used to reduce the size of the pockets between the teeth and the gums.
2) Tissue &bone grafting: Where a considerable amount of bone or gum tissue has been destroyed, the dentist may elect to graft new tissue by inserting a membrane to stimulate tissue growth.
3) Pocket elimination surgery: The dentist may choose to perform “flap surgery” to directly reduce the size of the gum pockets.